- Why is a traumatic hip dislocation typically associated with more clinical morbidity than a shoulder dislocation?
- Describe “bone remodeling” and its
role in health and disease
- What is fibromyalgia and why is it
- Define the parameters that allow
you to describe a long bone fracture pattern over the phone. (Megan - Revise images. Need to pull from source for better sizing)
- What is the Female Athletic Triad
and what are its implications for musculoskeletal medicine?
- Why should a patient with negative
x-rays but snuff box tenderness be placed in a cast?
- What are the adverse effects of
- If you have right hip arthritis
and are forced to carry a heavy suitcase, which hand should be in?
- What features of a musculoskeletal
injury should prompt an examining physician to suspect child abuse?
- Why is arthroscopic irrigation and
debridement of arthritis ineffective?
- What are the options for treating
a chondral defect of the knee caused by sports trauma?
- What’s the significance of blood
on the skin with a fifth metacarpal fracture?
- Why is it reasonable to treat
tennis elbow with a wrist brace?
- Is arthroscopic surgery more or
less expensive than a comparable open procedure?
- What are the important differences
that distinguish the management of a cancer-related pathologic fracture from
the treatment of ordinary fractures?
- Why is the prototypical patient
with a ruptured Achilles tendon about 40 years old?
- What is compartment
syndrome and how is it diagnosed, and treated?
- What are the advantages of
treating a mid-shaft femoral shaft fracture with an intramedullary nail as
compared to casting or traction?
- Why might successfully treated developmental dysplasia of the hip have a better prognosis than SCFE and Perthes?
- What are the causes and
consequences of adult septic arthritis?
- What are the temporal limitations
regarding our ability to diagnose septic arthritis definitively?
- Although bone is part of the vascular system (and therefore
fractures can cause hemorrhage and metastatic cells can lodge in the skeleton),
why might antibiotics have trouble reaching areas of infected bone in
- What are the specific aims of supervised physical therapy
for rotator cuff tendinopathy?
- What is a Charcot joint?
- What is Clubfoot?
- Why might a Grade I ankle sprain cause impairment?
- Describe the relationship
between body mass and hip fracture risk.
- What is an ankle
- Describe the 2
main types of bone healing.
- What is a stress
- Plating a
fracture clearly disrupts the soft tissue envelope around a fracture. Why,
then, is surgical plating ever used?
- What else, besides intrinsic bone conditions, might lead to
fragility fractures of the hip? Review and revise for foot notes... out of order.
- A meniscal tear might be removed, repaired, or not treated
at all. What might dictate the choice of treatment?
- What is rotator
cuff tendinosis (tendinopathy)?
- What is the
function of the ACL?
- How are tears of the cruciate ligaments of the knee detected by history and physical examination?
- Why is a patient with a hip dislocation at risk for developing arthritis?
- Back pain is a common, self-limited condition in many people, often without identified cause. Cauda equina syndrome, discitis and cancer are also causes of back pain which are not so innocent and self-limiting. Describe these conditions and suggest some questions a physician might ask to help detect the diagnoses.
- What are the clinical correlations of a herniated disc said to compress the L4, L5 or S1 nerve roots?
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome might be diagnosed (in part) by the presence of a so-called Tinel’s Sign. What is that and why is it not a true sign?
- Contrast osteoarthritis with rheumatoid arthritis.
- In what way are neurogenic claudication and vascular claudication similar? In what ways do they differ?
- What are the cardinal signs of Osteoarthritis of the knee on plain radiographs? How (mechanistically) do they appear
- Outline the biological steps that link osteonecrosis and end-stage arthrosis (arthritis).